Reading » Fluency and Accuracy

Fluency and Accuracy


The National Reading Panel has included fluency as one of the critical components of reading development. Laberge and Samuels presents fluency as a theory of automatic information processing in reading as a twofold processing occurring in milliseconds. First, printed words must be decoded, second, the decoded words must be comprehended.
Fluent reading occurs when a reader is reading with appropriate pauses for breaks between language units and is using appropriate pitch and stress to convey and receive the author's intended message. (Briggs, C & Forbes, Salli. Phrasing in Fluent Reading: Process and Product)



Reads grade-level appropriate materials with:
  • Accuracy: reading material appropriate for grade 7 with at least 90-95% accuracy
  • Fluency: reading with appropriate silent and oral reading fluency rates as determined by test demands, and purpose for reading.
  • Fluency: reading familiar text with phrasing and expression, and with attention to text features such as punctuation, italics, and dialogue (local)
  • Repeated Readings
  • Paired Readings
  • Choral Reading
  • Read Naturally
  • Six Minute Solution